Relapsing fever is an acute febrile illness caused by spirochetes of the genus Borrelia. The high fevers of presenting patients spontaneously abate and then recur. This characteristic pattern of remission and relapse not only gives relapsing fever its name but also allows it to be differentiated clinically from other febrile illnesses as it has since the 1840s. Large outbreaks of louse-borne relapsing fever have occurred throughout the past century. These outbreaks usually occur following man-made breakdowns in public health, as typified by the epidemic following World War II that involved about 10 million people.
Sudden fever occurs within 2 weeks of infection. In LBRF, the fever usually lasts 3-6 days and is usually followed by a single, milder episode. In TRBF, multiple episodes of fever occur and each may last up to 3 days. Individuals may be free of fever for up to 2 weeks prior to a relapse. In both forms, the fever episode may end in “crisis,” which consists of shaking chills, followed by intense sweating, falling temperature, and low blood pressure. This stage may result in death in up to 10% of people.
Tick-borne relapsing fever, caused by Borrelia hermsii, is endemic in the higher elevations and coniferous forests of the western United States and southern British Columbia, Canada. Although many multicase outbreaks of relapsing fever associated with B. hermsii and its tick vector, Ornithodoros hermsi, have been reported, none has been documented in Montana. Patients usually become ill after they have slept in cabins infested with spirochete-infected ticks that feed quickly during the night. The illness has an incubation period of 4 to18 days and is characterized by recurring episodes of fever accompanied by a variety of other manifestations, including headache, myalgia, arthralgia, chills, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
Relapsing fever is a zoonotic disease caused by several species of the spirochaete, Borrelia. It can be transmitted by lice or ticks depending on the species and part of the world in which it occurs.Borrelia recurrentis is confined to the Horn of Africa and causes louse-borne, epidemic relapsing fever. Other species of Borrelia causing the endemic tick-borne variety occur in pockets in Africa, South America, and Asia. Relapsing fever does not occur in the UK. The risk to travellers of acquiring this disease is low, but travellers to endemic areas should be aware of the risk and to try and avoid being bitten by lice or ticks.
Most people who are infected get sick around 5-15 days after they are bitten by the tick. The symptoms may include a sudden fever, chills, headaches, and muscle or joint aches, and nausea; a rash may also occur. These symptoms continue for 2-9 days, then disappear. This cycle may continue for several weeks if the person is not treated. Relapsing Fever is easily treated with 1-2 weeks of antibiotics. Most people improve within 24 hours of starting antibiotics. Complications and death due to relapsing fever are rare.
Relapsing fever is a disease that is spread by 2 distinct vector families, namely the human body louse (Pediculus humanus) and soft-bodied ticks (Ornithodoros), and is caused by various species of Borrelia. The human body louse spreads Borrelia recurrentis infection. Tick-borne relapsing fever can be caused by a least 15 different Borrelia species. Louse-borne relapsing fever is caused by Borrelia recurrentis. Borrelia turicatae, Borrelia hermsii, Borrelia parkeri, and Borrelia duttonii may cause the tick-borne relapsing fever.
Anybody who is looking for Modafinil on the Internet is faced with these two options: either buy it at your local drug store or buy it online. Purchasing online can offer a lot of benefits compared to going to your local drug store – it is cheaper, delivers your order at your doorstep, it is easier, and you do not need to show a prescription.
There are important considerations to make when you order Modafinil on the Internet, and it is very important to know where to find the cheapest and highest-quality Modafinil. In this article, we will take a closer look at how to purchase these types of medication online, the cost of the drug, including shipping, how the drug works and where you can find the highest-quality generic Modafinil.
This medication is classified as both Nootropic and Eugeroic. A Eugeroic is any compound that promotes wakefulness. One typical example of this is caffeine. It inhibits the feeling of sleepiness. Modafinil is a good eugeroic. It maximizes the neurotransmitters associated with insomnia, including norepinephrine, histamine and dopamine.
Users who use Modafinil reported several hours of focus and alertness. It also maximizes the cognitive power of the brain, even after doing mentally exhaustive and lengthy tasks at school or work. Nootropic drugs, on the other hand, is a drug that helps boost your brain’s cognitive function.
Some popular Nootropics include Piracetam, Alpha-GPC and L-Theanine. This medication is considered as a Nootropic drug because it is used to maximize the memory and the concentration function of the brain. It boosts the workflow efficiency, as well as allows users to perform to the highest level for a more extended period.
Think of this medicine as a super-charger for your performance output. This medication achieves its Nootropic power through dopamine, a known neurotransmitter. This chemical component is responsible for a lot of body and brain activity, including the processing of memory and learning.
For people suffering from ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, the concentration of dopamine has to lessen compared to healthy people, causing them to have problems with focusing on tasks and difficulties in paying attention.
Click here to find out more about ADHD and its treatment.
Finding a reputable Modafinil online seller or vendor
There are a lot of online vendors selling this kind of medication on the Internet. But not all of them are good quality sources. There are essential things you need to consider before you decide to spend your hard-earned money buying Modafinil on the Internet.
One issue with online selling, and it is considered as a major one, especially for people located in countries with fewer custom’s regulation is safety on the Internet. When you created an account, usually, the website will ask you to create login information using your email.
Some online companies will sell email together with your password to a particular organization, or even government agencies like the NSA. People will use the email address for marketing their products and services to you using spam emails.
Other companies will go more in-depth and try to use your password and email combinations on other sites to hack your account and use it for fraudulent acts. Because of this, it is imperative to choose the right online seller that has a good reputation and integrity, as well as place their customer security at the top of their priority list.
There are also a lot of scam or phishing websites on the Internet these days. These sites look like legitimate sellers, but their only purpose is to steal your crucial online information like email address, password and even credit card details. Some will offer you products at a lower price to attract customers, but they do not have any intention to deliver the product after you made your payments.
Signs you need to watch out when it comes to scamming or companies with poor integrity
Little to no customer service response
Using fraudulent looking websites as a payment method
The website and domain names have unusual typographical or spelling errors
They offer products and services that are too good to be true
They will ask their customers to make their payment through bank transfer
They have a No Return Policy and provide a fraudulent or fake address
Reputability of the vendors or suppliers
Every time you purchase something on the Internet, you are putting your trust and confidence into the vendor with all your essential details, usually sensitive information like passwords to your email, credit card number or even your social security number.
Because of this, it is necessary to go with a vendor that has a good trust rating and reputation. It can be found by looking at the community forum sites or social media pages and find out what other people are saying about the company. Reddit, Blue Light or LongeCity forms can be a good source of information. Review sites like Yelp can also help you to analyze a particular Modafinil online seller’s reputation.
Some, if not all online vendors will make a follow-up on their product delivery; some sells Modafinil that is either fake or lack of quality. It is harder to identify sellers that deliver counterfeit or inferior-quality products, especially if it is your first time to buy from their online store.
The best way to avoid this kind of situation is to do your due diligence and research everything about the company on the Internet. The best way to do this is to read a lot of articles written by experts who have a lot of experience when it comes to this kind of drugs. Other useful sources of information include forum sites like Reddit.
These websites usually have a stable community with a lot of members. Some of these members are very passionate about Modafinil and other Nootropic drugs, and a lot of them have tried using different sellers to purchase their Nootropic or Modafinil fix. They know which ones are reputable and which ones are phishing or scam sites.
Want to know how to remove uric acid from your body naturally? Good, because, here you’ll learn 6 easy ways to get rid of gout naturally, no drugs, just natural home remedies.
Uric acid crystals in your joints causes your gout. But, it’s your body’s natural inflammatory reaction to these that actually causes your excruciating symptoms.
Uric acid is itself produced when purines metabolize in your body. Purines exist in your body cells and the foods you eat. Among other things, they help to produce your protein and energy needs.
Your kidneys process and then remove excess acid from your body via urine, with a little amount via stools. The relatively low levels left in your blood are beneficial.
But, if your kidneys can’t excrete enough, then you are left with high levels in your blood. This condition — hyperuricemia — allows urate crystals to form in your joints, causing agonizing gout.
So you need to reduce or remove uric acid from your body…
Drug-based medications can help get rid of gout pretty effectively. But they can have serious side effects like vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, stomach pains, ulcers, bleeding, allergies, etc. So more and more people with gout are using natural remedies to remove uric acid and eliminate gout.
Here are some of the most popular home remedies to reduce uric acid in the body…
(1) Eat lots of cherries which have natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. 30 to 40 cherries, 3 times a day during an attack. Say, 30 cherries a day otherwise, for maintenance.
(2) Drink at least twelve large glasses (8oz) of water every day to help prevent the formation of urate crystals, and, aid your kidneys to process and remove uric acid from the body.
(3) Take vitamin C to help increase the urinary removal of uric acid, and, lower acid levels in the body. Eat plenty fruit such as oranges, mandarins, tangerines, and, perhaps look at vitamin C supplements during an attack.
(4) Parsley is a natural diuretic so can help to remove uric acid from the body more easily.
(5) Vitamin B complex helps to convert the acid into several compounds which are harmless, so vitamin B complex can help remove uric acid that way.
(6) Change to a low purine diet so that your body will produce less uric acid. Avoid high purine foods that are, generally speaking, high protein and high fat foods found in fatty red meats, offal, game, broth, shellfish, some fish, poultry, legumes, etc.
Whichever remedy you choose, you should not only try to get rid of the symptoms of a gout attack, but, prevent recurring gout episodes. Because frequent bouts of gout over a period of time can produce permanent damage in your joints, and, kidney problems such as painful stones.
You’re in luck though. There’s a special gout report available online [see below] that has all the information you need in one place. It is what thousands of ex-gout victims worldwide have successfully used to prevent their gout returning. It also contains a special 2 hour gout pain relief program.
And it uses fully-researched, totally natural methods. So that you benefit two ways:- (1) you get rid of your excruciating pain very fast, and, (2) you prevent your gout returning, so that you reduce the risk of permanent damage.
Essential oils have been in use since antiquity because of their curative properties. These days, with the rise in the popularity of aromatherapy, these oils are increasingly being used as a remedy for various ailments at homes, clinics, hospitals, hospices, maternity wards, schools, and workplaces. Essential oils extracted from shrubs and trees, including their flowers, leaves, fruits, roots and stems, are used in aromatherapy. These oils are extracted by using various methods such as expression (e.g. oil squeezed out of peel), distillation, maceration (the plant is immersed in heated oil in order to extract its essence), and enffleurage (wherein flowers are pressed between oiled plates of glass). Lavender is one of the most popular essential oil used in aromatherapy. It is extracted by distillation from the purple hued flowers of the plant. Its aromatic qualities are floral, sweet and herbaceous.
The Versatility of Lavender:
Lavender?s popularity also stems from its versatility, since it can be used for a wide range of purposes apart from aromatherapy, from being a sedative to using it as a repellant for insects. Lavender is also known for its antibiotic, antiviral and antiseptic characteristics. The various therapeutic uses of lavender include easing coughs, killing bacteria, regenerating cells, stimulating the production of bile, treating fungal infections, enhancing the ability of the body to fight infection, alleviating high blood pressure, healing wounds, boosting the nervous system, and also as a tonic. Lavender is also used as a remedy for pain like muscular aches. Lavender is also known to alleviate one of the most common problems of infancy, colic, and various other childhood related infections and conditions. For instance, if a little lavender essential oil along with a few drops almond oil is added to the baby?s bath water, it helps the child to sleep.
In addition, lavender can also help in the treatment of psychological problems like manic depression. Also, a massage oil which has lavender essential oil in it can be very effective when used to massage along the sides of the spine. It can also be used to gently massage the lower abdomen to relieve menstrual cramps. Since lavender is known to relieve localized pain, it can be used in massaging for ailments like rheumatism and arthritis.
Recommended Usage of Lavender Essential Oil:
As is evident, as massage oil, lavender essential oil is the best. Usually, massage oil consists of one or two essential oils combined with a base-oil. For example, lavender essential oil combined with base almond oil. Other essential oils like juniper, rosemary or marjoram can also be added for greater efficacy.
Many kinds of headaches can also be treated either by the use of a lavender cold compress, placing it behind the neck or on the forehead, or by massaging the temples directly with a massage oil containing lavender essential oil. It is also an excellent remedy for muscular fatigue and ache that result from exercising. Flu, coughs, colds and sinus problems can be relieved by inhaling the vapors of lavender essential oil mixed with steaming hot water. A sore throat can also be alleviated by massaging the throat with a little of this oil.
Do you know how to cure high blood pressure with no medication? Most people would probably say to eat healthy (lower your salt-intake) and make sure you exercise. Unfortunately, most doctors tell you this and forget to tell you the other treatments you can be doing to lower your score and eventually be med-free.
The truth is that doctors are educated in medical schools were natural health and simple ‘common sense’ secrets are not taught. Unfortunately, medicine and antibiotics are only being taught because our medical industry is completely reliant upon pharmaceutical companies.
But new research is now showing the sometimes medicines are not the only treatment. In fact, some natural treatments are just as effective as their medicine counterpart.
Which is making some think, “Is there something doctors are NOT telling us?”
Naturally Treat High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure Medications (Diuretics, Beta Blockers, Alpha Blockers, and Vasodilators) work because they lower your blood pressure. The problem is that they make it look that you are healthy but are your numbers showing the truth?
High Blood Pressure medications work because they synthetically alleviate the pressure of the arteries and blood. For instance, with diuretics the blood will become less salty (less thick) and your pressure with drop. Another example would be beta blockers which synthetically cause the heart to beat slower.
Though these medications look good on paper, they are NOT treating the disease known as the ‘silent killer’. In fact, they could be prolonging your life but they will never fully treat the disease. And statistics show that users will eventually die from the high blood pressure.
But what if you could naturally treat high blood pressure.
7 Hypertension Tips Your Doctor Won’t Share with You
So you want to know, ‘how to cure high blood pressure’? First, you need to know how to prevent high blood pressure holistically. Because curing high blood pressure starts with a holistic treatment. Holistically treating hypertension simply means using the ‘whole’ body to cure the problem. This is completely different than taking a pill to synthetically thin out the blood.
1. Three Miracle Minerals- If you are suffering from high blood pressure, you should be supplementing your diet with 3 miracle minerals that lower high blood pressure. Magnesium, Calcium and Potassium have been shown to help lower blood pressure.
2. Garlic- Garlic has been shown to benefit the heart, lower cholesterol and lower high blood pressure naturally. The compound in garlic, allicin, is thought to naturally lower high blood pressure. Find a quality supplement today.
3. Folic Acid- Vitamin B which is found in green leafy vegetables reduces homocysteine levels in the blood. This vitamin will lower the risk of heart disease and alleviate the pressure naturally.
4. Apple Cider Vinegar- Many or my customers have found success with apple cider vinegar which contains vitamins C, A, E, B1, B2 and B6, in addition to potassium, magnesium, and copper.
5. Relieve Stress- Do you know there are numerous ways to relieve stress? Breathing exercises, exercising, or reading a book are simple ways to relieve stress and lower high blood pressure. And there are even more than this!
6. Your Diet! You know the major Do’s and Don’ts about high blood pressure dieting. Just remember to be eating your water-soluble fibers (fruits and vegetables). Fibers, especially water-soluble, will flush your system and plaque. Also, switch to whole grains! With less plaque in the arteries you will eventually be hypertension-free! Our HBP report goes into great detail about how you can treat hypertension with your diet.
7. Green Tea! It is loaded with antioxidants and research shows it lowers high blood pressure. Whether it is the ‘relaxing’ factor or the natural herbs in green tea, 1 cup of green tea will be helpful for your health!
Normalize your High Blood Pressure in 3 Weeks or Less
What foods should you be eating? What other vitamins are a must? What exercises are an absolute do? What herbs are making doctors scratch their heads? Why is chocolate now good for you?
Are you interested in lowering blood pressure naturally, with out drugs? We offer a 100% guaranteed, medical doctor-approved HBP Remedy Report which shares numerous natural health tips and guarantees to normalize your pressure in 3 weeks or less. If you are serious about living young again, please visit our How to Cure High Blood Pressure Website.
Coming from Southern Europe, Chaste Tree berry also called ?monk?s pepper? having a botanical name of Vitex agnus castus from the Verbenaceae family group of plants is a huge flowering shrub having an aromatic odor that actually reaches about twenty feet in height. The flowers usually bloom during late summer or early fall with flowers ranging from lilac to blue and white.
The name Chaste berry shrub originated from a belief that the plant promoted chastity since monks from the Middle Ages use this tree to reduce sexual want as well as wards away evil. Just like various other herbal plants, chaste berry tree offers consumers plenty of health benefits which are effective if taken for a couple of months or a year depending on person?s choice.
Chaste tree berry has been confirmed to have effects on the pituitary gland which generates the female sex hormones estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. This leads to the reduction of prolactin secretion leading to the lowering of milk production. Through a clinical practice, the results exhibited that chaste berry has settled down the particular irregular menstrual cycle along with the hormone levels of prolactin and progesterone. For this reason, this was used as a treatment to situations related to too much prolactin within the body. Because it can stabilize hormone levels, this can also be helpful pertaining to premenopausal women having abnormally short cycles, people that have heavy monthly period bleeding or perhaps after the discontinuation of contraceptive pills.
Another helpful benefit is the reduction of symptoms related to premenstrual syndrome linked to excessive prolactin levels. Research has also demonstrated that a woman who uses this herb routinely feels less breast tenderness and pressure, bloating as well as fatigue. Chaste tree berry also has anti androgenic, an effect which means that this kind of herb is used to manage acne in both males and females. Additionally it also decreases an overactive libido. Chaste berry trees are also used in the herbal treatment of women with minimal corpus luteum which is the reason pertaining to their infertility. Some scientific tests also have shown that this herb supports breast cancer, regulates libido, minimize appetite, reduce flatulence, as well as improves sleep.
Everyone of us must remember that the value of herbal goods such as Chaste Tree berry powder should be the best, so that the best advantages of attempting out these types of remedies would be acquired compared to those artificial medicines that individuals acquire in the drug store. Furthermore, there are several points that one should consider prior to trying out a herbal cure. These points comprise of individuals who are likely to take the herbs, his or her own reason, and the age of the merchandise being tried plus the amount of efficiency as well as form of herb.
It comes in numerous types similar to tablets, powders, liquids and also tea nonetheless it gives the same amount of effectiveness to take care of the above issues. Chaste tree berry, a medicinal plant consists of all crucial elements that are certainly a remedy to a person?s problem. It is better to uncover more about this plant through constant research in order to discover more advantages of this beneficial plant.
“Facial skin care” is more a matter of discipline than anything else. A facial skin care routine is what you need (and you need to follow the facial skin care routine with complete seriousness). So let?s check what comprises an effective facial skin care routine. Well, very simply, a facial skin care routine can follow the following 4 steps:
Cleansing is the first thing in facial skin care routine. Cleansing helps in removing dust, pollutants, grease and extra oil from your skin, thereby preventing damage to your skin. Just spot your face and neck with a good cleansing lotion or cream and gently massage it into your skin using upward strokes. Use a soft face tissue or cotton wool to wipe your face in a gentle patting fashion (do not rub). Cleansing should be done at least twice a day i.e. morning (as part of complete facial skin care routine) and evening (on a standalone basis). Water soluble cleansers are the best for inclusion in your facial skin care routine.
Toning is the next in a facial skin care routine. However, this is the optional part of the facial skin care routine. Mostly, proper cleansing can compensate for toning. Toning helps remove all traces of dirt, grease and excess cleanser. Instead of making it part of your daily facial skin care routine, you can using toning occasionally i.e. when you have been exposed to particularly harsh environment/pollution.
Exfoliation is again, kind of, optional step in everyday routine for facial skin care. However, exfoliation is necessary at least once a week (or twice, depending on the skin type and the environmental conditions). Exfoliation finds its place in facial skin care routine because of the natural tendency of skin to replenish the skin cells every 3 or 4 weeks. As a facial skin care technique, exfoliation helps in removing the dead skin cells that block the pores, thus assisting the skin in the natural process. However, excessive or harsh exfoliation can cause damage to your skin; so you need to balance it out.
The next thing in facial skin care is moisturising. In fact, moisturising is the most important part of facial skin care routine. Moisturisers prevent your skin from getting dry. Dry skin is really undesirable since it cause the upper layer skin to break, leading to dead skin cells. Again, use light upward strokes to make the moisturiser more effective. Moisturisers work the best when applied on warm and damp skin. So do not try to remove all the moisture in the previous steps of facial skin care routine.
Besides the normal facial skin care routine, you should also exercise the following for facial skin care:
* Use proper make-up remover instead of just washing it away
* Pay heed to your skin type and the environment, when choosing facial skin care products.
* Before you start using a new facial skin care product, test it by applying it on a short patch of skin e.g. ear lobes.
* Never rub your skin too hard.
* Use sunscreen lotions for protection against sun.